The UN agency for Palestinian refugees said on Tuesday that it cannot afford to repair Gaza homes damaged in last year’s war with Israel because donors have failed to pay.
“The agency has exhausted all funding to support repairs and rental subsidies,” said the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).
“$5.4 billion was pledged at the Cairo (aid) conference last October and virtually none of it has reached Gaza. This is distressing and unacceptable.
“It is unclear why this funding has not been forthcoming.”
UNRWA said the homes of more than 96,000 Palestine refugees were destroyed or damaged during the conflict.
They made up the vast majority of the more than 100,000 homes hit during the 50-day conflict between Israel and Gaza’s de facto rulers Hamas.
The Islamist militant movement Hamas denounced the UNRWA decision, saying it would “aggravate the plight of thousands of families” and urging it to put pressure on donors to honour their pledges.
UNRWA said: “Some funds remain available to begin the reconstruction of totally destroyed homes.”
The agency said cutting subsidies to displaced residents now renting alternative accommodation could force large numbers back to UN schools and centres which are already sheltering 12,000 people.
“UNRWA in Gaza has so far provided over $77 million to 66,000 Palestine refugee families to repair their home or find a temporary alternative,” it said.
– ‘Sleeping amid rubble’ –
“This is a tremendous achievement; it is also wholly insufficient… We are talking about thousands of families who continue to suffer through this cold winter with inadequate shelter.
“People are literally sleeping amongst the rubble. Children have died of hypothermia.”
Two babies died in Gaza this month as dozens of homes were flooded in brutal storms that brought freezing rain and gale-force winds.
Gaza’s sole power station, which was damaged during the war, is struggling with a severe lack of fuel and is only able to supply the enclave with six hours of power per day.
A Hamas official warned recently that the coastal territory could become a breeding ground for extremism unless promised reconstruction is accelerated.
“Our message to the world, which is scared of terrorism and extremism, is that the delay in rebuilding Gaza and the continuing blockade against it will make it a ripe environment for the spread of extremism and terrorism,” Khalil al-Haya told a Gaza City meeting of MPs of the movement.
Israel and Hamas, which the Jewish state brands a terrorist organisation, fought a July-August war in that killed almost 2,200 Palestinians.
– ‘Delay threatens ceasefire’ –
A UNRWA spokesman in Gaza on Tuesday said the ceasefire that halted the fighting with Israel would be in jeopardy if rebuilding work were to stall.
“Halting reconstruction will have dangerous consequences,” Adnan Abu Hasna told AFP.
“By delaying payment of money for reconstruction the donors are putting the ceasefire in danger.”
Reconstruction has barely begun, with experts saying it will take years even if Israel significantly eases its eight-year blockade on Gaza.
Israel, which controls two of the three crossings into Hamas-controlled Gaza, maintains tight curbs on entry of building material, fearing they could be used by militants to make weapons or attack tunnels.