Sri Lankans faced a tense wait Friday for the result of a bitterly contested election that pitted South Asia’s longest-serving leader against a former minister who has become a symbol of resentment over corruption. Voters turned out in large numbers on Thursday for the tightest presidential election Sri Lanka has seen in decades.
President Mahinda Rajapakse had seemed assured of victory when he called snap polls in November seeking an unprecedented third term, five years after crushing a violent separatist rebellion that had traumatised the country for decades. But he has become unpopular in recent years, dogged by accusations of increasing authoritarianism and corruption and a failure to bring about post-war reconciliation.
His health minister Maithripala Sirisena’s surprise decision to defect from the government and stand against him galvanised disparate opposition groups, creating a far closer contest than had been expected. Despite sporadic campaign violence including the death of one opposition party worker, the vote passed off largely peacefully, although there were some reports of intimidation in Tamil areas.
Police said they had made 175 election-related arrests, but described the polls as some of the most peaceful in Sri Lanka’s recent history. The president had come under international pressure after opposition reports that he was mobilising the military, with top US diplomat John Kerry this week urging him to ensure the election was peaceful and credible.
The polls came days before a visit to the island by Pope Francis which some Catholic leaders had said should be cancelled in the event of violence. Election monitors said large numbers of people had voted in the heavily militarised former war zones of the north and east whose largely Tamil population had boycotted previous national elections.
Tamil leaders said two explosions in the northern Jaffna peninsula were an attempt to deter voters, but there were no casualties and voting continued. Sri Lanka does not conduct exit polls, and the result will only begin to emerge early Friday after overnight counting.
The head of the Campaign for Free and Fair Elections Keerthi Thennakoon said the high participation could favour the opposition. Tamils are Sri Lanka’s largest minority, accounting for 13 percent of the population, and could decide the election if the majority Sinhalese vote is split between Rajapakse and his main opponent.
Sirisena was a relative unknown until he became the main opposition candidate, but his decision to run triggered a slew of defections and become a rallying point for disaffection with Rajapakse and his powerful family. Rajapakse won a landslide election victory in 2010, but critics say he has failed to bring about reconciliation in the years that followed.
The 69-year-old president removed the two-term limit on the presidency and gave himself more powers soon after winning his second term. He is accused of undermining the independence of the judiciary and has packed the government with relatives, sparking resentment even within his own party.
Rajapakse has promised a judicial inquiry into allegations troops killed 40,000 Tamil civilians at the end of the civil war, although he still refuses to cooperate with a UN-mandated investigation.