Germany’s Die Welt has reported that the German secret service have remained in contact with the Syrian government. It was reported that the communication channels were through Beirut as well as directly to Damascus.
With the outbreak of the war in 2011, Germany broke relations by withdrawing its embassy in Damascus, Die Welt reported that security circles have kept communication lines intact to ensure they were never full broken off.
With the abduction of German journalist Armin Wertz in 2013, there were numerous media reports that German and Syrian intelligence agencies reopened lines of communication.
It has been reported that General Ali Mamluk, Assad’s security advisor and secret service coordinator, is the main go to person in Syria for the Germans. This is even despite General Mamluk having US and EU sanctions imposed on him.
The report went on to claim that Assad was trying to galvanize a joint European fight against jihadist forces in Syria. It was claimed that intelligence agents from Germany, France, Britain and Spain visited Damascus in 2013.