The conversion of Syria’s state system into a democratic confederation would help to settle the country’s domestic problems, Abdulkarim Umar, the chairman of the international affairs committee of the Jazira Canton in the autonomous Kurdish region of Rojava in Northern Syria, told Sputnik on Wednesday.
As a “federative” state, Syria “would become the homeland for all Syrians and thus we will put an end to terrorism at the root,” Umar said, adding such a regime would be a solution for the issues in the region and the whole Middle East.
In April, Syrian President Bashar Assad said in an interview with Sputnik that majority of the Syrian nationals have never believed in self-governance or confederation.
At the moment, Kurds control two large areas in northern Syria. The first is the area spanning from Manbij in western Syria to the Turkish border in the north and Raqqa in the south. The second is Afrin Canton in northern Syria, one of the four cantons of Rojava, a de-facto autonomous Kurdish region established in Syria. The area between Afrin and the rest of the Syrian Kurdistan is currently controlled by the Turkish military.
The creation of Rojava was announced by the Syrian Kurds in 2016. Damascus said at the time the move had no legal power. Later that same year, the region was renamed to the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria. In late September 2017, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem said Damascus was ready to discuss the issue of the Syrian Kurds’ self-governance once the fight against the Daesh terrorist organization (banned in Russia) ends.
The Syrian civil war has been raging since 2011. The international community has taken a number of actions aimed at the conflict settlement through talks on various platforms including those in Geneva and Astana. During Astana talks, the sides of the conflict agreed to establish four de-escalation zones in Syria, with Iran, Turkey, and Russia acting as guarantor states of the ceasefire regime.