In a June 10, 1987 photo, Leon Brown sits in the day room of his Death Row cell block in Raleigh, North Carolina's Central Prison. Mr. Brown and his half brother Henry McCollum have spent more than three decades in prison for the rape and murder of 11-year-old Sabrina Buie in 1983.

New DNA evidence has freed a death-row inmate after he spent three decades in prison for rape and murder. His half-brother was expected to be freed later on Wednesday.

Henry Lee McCollum spoke briefly to reporters before getting into the passenger seat of his father’s car, where a reporter had to show him how to buckle the seat belt. He had never used a seat belt of that design.

Mr. McCollum said he hoped to go home and take a bath. There will be changes to which he’ll need to adjust particularly the Internet and cellphones, he said.

A judge overturned their convictions after another man’s DNA was discovered on a cigarette butt left near the girl’s body. Tuesday’s ruling is the latest twist in a notorious legal case that began with what defence attorneys said were coerced confessions from two scared teenagers with low IQs. Mr. McCollum was 19 at the time and Leon Brown was 15.

Superior Court Judge Douglas Sasser said the new DNA results contradicted the case prosecutors put forward.

The DNA from the cigarette butts doesn’t match Mr. Brown or Mr. McCollum, and fingerprints taken from a beer can at the scene aren’t theirs either, attorneys say. No physical evidence connects them to the crime.

Both were initially given death sentences, which were overturned. At a second trial, Mr. McCollum was again sent to death row, while Mr. Brown was convicted of rape and sentenced to life.

Family members of the men gasped and some sobbed as the judge announced his decision to the packed courtroom. Mr. Brown smiled and shook a defence lawyer’s hand and Mr. McCollum looked spent and relieved

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“We waited years and years,” said James McCollum, Henry McCollum’s father. “We kept the faith.”

Defence lawyers petitioned for their release after a recent analysis from the butt pointed to another man who lived near the soybean field where Sabrina Buie’s body was found in Robeson County. That man is already serving a life sentence for a similar rape and murder that happened less than a month later.

Because of paperwork, it will likely take until Wednesday for the men to walk free, said Keith Acree, spokesman for the state prison system. They are required to return to the prisons where they have been serving time before they can be processed out.

The men’s freedom hinged largely on the local prosecutor’s acknowledgement of the strong evidence of their innocence.

“The evidence you heard today in my opinion negates the evidence presented at trial,” Johnson Britt, the Robeson County district attorney, said during a closing statement before the judge announced his decision. Mr. Britt was not the prosecutor of the men.

Even if the men were granted a new trial, Mr. Britt said, “Based upon this new evidence, the state does not have a case to prosecute.”

Minutes later, Judge Sasser made his ruling.

The day-long evidence hearing included testimony from Sharon Stellato. The associate director of the North Carolina Innocence Inquiry Commission discussed three interviews she had over the summer with the 74-year-old inmate, who was convicted of assaulting three other women and now suspected of killing Buie.

According to Ms. Stellato, the inmate said at first he didn’t know Buie. But in later interviews, he said the girl would come to his house and buy cigarettes for him.

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The man also told them he saw the girl the night she went missing and gave her a coat and hat because it was raining, Ms. Stellato said. He told the commission that’s why his DNA may have been at the scene. Ms. Stellato said weather records show it didn’t rain the night Buie went missing or the next day. She also said the man repeatedly told her Mr. McCollum and Mr. Brown are innocent.

Still, he denied involvement in the killing, Ms. Stellato said. He said the girl was alive when she left his house and that he didn’t see her again. Buie was found in a rural soybean field, naked except for a bra pushed up against her neck. A short distance away, police found two bloody sticks and cigarette butts.

Lawyers for the two men said the new testing leaves no doubt about their clients’ innocence.

“We were very hopeful that it would come out this way. We knew the strength of it,” said James Payne, an attorney for Mr. Brown.

Ken Rose, a senior staff attorney at the Center for Death Penalty Litigation in Durham, has represented Henry McCollum for 20 years.

“It’s terrifying that our justice system allowed two intellectually disabled children to go to prison for a crime they had nothing to do with, and then to suffer there for 30 years,” Mr. Rose said.

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