Bearing a completed superstructure and a fresh coat of paint, the 40,000-ton Type 075 LHD was declared complete in a launching ceremony at a shipyard in Shanghai Wednesday.

​”The Type 075 will become an indispensable and fresh force in China’s modern naval warfare, especially for landing missions,” an anonymous military expert told the Global Times.

The Global Times noted Chinese military enthusiasts were “amazed” by the speed at which the ship was completed. Just last month, photos of the shipyard showed the vessel’s command island being moved into place, with installation of electrical systems, including radar, yet to be done.

However, the ship is nowhere near ready to assume combat duties. As the lead ship of what is expected to be a class of at least three vessels, the first Type 075 will need to be subjected to possibly years of rigorous testing to ensure all the new systems work. Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) sailors and aviators will also need to establish routines and best practices for flight ops on the helicopter carrier, something the PLAN has not yet had to contend with.

The PLAN’s other aircraft carriers, the Liaoning and Type 001A, operate primarily fixed-wing aircraft like the Shenyang J-11, launching them using a bow ramp and catching them with an arresting wire as they land. However, it’s unknown if Beijing’s new carrier-based drones will be able to fly from the Type 075’s 250-meter-long flight deck.

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The PLAN is expected to accept the Type 001A into the fleet before the end of the year. It is China’s first indigenously designed aircraft carrier, and the Type 075 is the country’s first indigenously designed LHD. The PLAN also operates the Type 071 landing platform dock, an amphibious assault warship that lacks an aircraft focus.

​Weighing in at 31,000 tons empty and 40,000 tons fully loaded, the Type 075 is larger than the aircraft carriers and amphibious assault ships of many other nations, including Italy, France, Spain and Turkey, as well as those of regional powers like South Korea, Japan and Thailand. It’s roughly equivalent in size to the US Marine Corps’ Wasp-class LHDs, or a World War II-era fleet carrier.

However, unlike the Wasps, China at present operates no short/vertical takeoff and landing (STOVL) aircraft like the F-35B Lightning II or V-22 Osprey, seriously limiting the Type 075’s power projection compared to other nations.

In June, the Global Times highlighted this shortcoming, citing commentary from Beijing-based military analyst Wei Dongxu, that “In a landing mission, STOVL fighter jets from these ships would be a more efficient choice than helicopters to support amphibious operations, gaining aerial superiority and attacking ground targets … Once developed, the STOVL fighter jet could make an amphibious assault ship [into] a light aircraft carrier and play unique roles in protecting islands and safeguarding China’s territorial integrity.”

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In addition to its roughly 30 helicopters, the Type 075 has a rear docking area and will be able to carry several amphibious landing craft capable of transporting tanks, artillery and thousands of marines to forward fighting positions on land.

 

Source: Sputnik

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dcass
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dcass

China has been secretly working on a VTOL version of the J31 dubbed the J18 for more than 5 years now. I expect the aircraft to appear in due time for the inauguration ceremony of the entry into service of this amphibious ship.

Marg bar jomhuri Eslami
Guest
Marg bar jomhuri Eslami

Not so secretly : we hear about it since 2011… But they have issues at having engines enough powerful+reliable and other stuff: “But China might still need some time before a STOVL fighter jet is built, Chinese military observers said in June 2019. If China was to develop such aircraft, it needs to make reliable engines that are capable of not only providing thrust, but also lift, together with lift-providing devices in the middle of the aircraft, like lift fans, Wei Dongxu, a Beijing-based military analyst, told the Global Times 16 June 2019, noting that flight control systems could also… Read more »

Marg bar jomhuri Eslami
Guest
Marg bar jomhuri Eslami

I expect Taiwan, SoKo and Japan not to stay nuclear-threshold countries for long, IDK why…

JACK
Guest
JACK

China built military vessels are completed in half the time at half the cost of USA. This is because China used concurrent engineering better than USA. China engineers are brilliant in maths and physics and there are millions of them all over China. China geniuses are all reincarnation of the Godsssss from Heaven.

Marg bar jomhuri Eslami
Guest
Marg bar jomhuri Eslami

For now, they only refurbished the Varyag aircaft carrier and built a copy… This is nowhere near genius, so is it to copy Flankers and their engines, re-use the Israeli Lavi’s blueprints for the design of the J-10, or discarded proposals for the F-22 and F-35 for the J-20 or J-31. BTW, Japan alone already has 4 LHDs and potentially can use F-35B, consider France+UK, they have 3 aircraft carriers and 3 LHDs available… Working hours are no more cheap in China, in case you wouldn’t know, salaries are now pretty close to Portugal, you’d have it cheaper to build… Read more »

Marg bar jomhuri Eslami
Guest
Marg bar jomhuri Eslami

+++ “are all reincarnation of the Godsssss from Heaven”
=> China is officially atheist and actively “discourages” [translation : oppresses] any form of religious activities.